Enlightenment research as a vocation

Originally posted on Voltaire Foundation:
Enlightenment past and present is?the September volume in the?Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment series. This volume by Anthony J. La Vopa explores?the social meanings of Enlightenment discourses in England, Scotland, France, and Germany. This blog post written by Avi Lifschitz discusses La Vopa’s new book, sharing insight into this…

Three Outcomes — Great Middle Way

If you wish to experience the minor, intermediate, or great paths of awakening, then these are the outcomes. Dedication to the awakening of a Hearer will turn you into a Worthy One, and you will go completely beyond suffering. Dedication to intermediate awakening will make you a Solitary Realizer. If your dedication is to unsurpassable […]Continue reading “Three Outcomes — Great Middle Way”

We Don’t Understand Ourselves — Great Middle Way

From the Buddhist point of view our suffering originates from the limitations of our ordinary, unenlightened mind. Firstly, we are unaware of the basic truths of existence. Through ignorance, we have misunderstood our true nature and the nature of reality. Secondly, confused and easily agitated, we are unable to control our minds. We do not […]Continue reading “We Don’t Understand Ourselves — Great Middle Way”

The triumph of truth — Voltaire Foundation

In my work on the digital Voltaire iconography database, I frequently stumble across portraits of Voltaire which are particularly unexpected, funny, or have an interesting story to them. Sir Joshua Reynolds’ The Triumph of Truth, which hangs in Marischal College, Aberdeen, is a personal favourite. The Triumph of Truth is a portrait of James Beattie […]Continue reading “The triumph of truth — Voltaire Foundation”

That unfortunate movement

Originally posted on Voltaire Foundation:
Olympe de Gouges, pioneer of women’s rights, here pictured handing Marie-Antoinette a copy of her Déclaration des droits de la femme et de la citoyenne. Engraving by Desrais and Frussotte, c. 1790. (BnF/Gallica) The French Revolution: A very short introduction was one of the earliest titles to be commissioned in…

Baruch Spinoza: The God of Spinoza — The Classical World: Ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome

Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) born Benedito de Espinosa was a Jewish-Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Sephardi origin. By laying the groundwork for the Enlightenmentand modern biblical criticism,including modern conceptions of the self and the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. Along with René Descartes, Spinoza was a leading philosophicalContinue reading “Baruch Spinoza: The God of Spinoza — The Classical World: Ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome”